Plant and Garden

Plants that are NOT good for your animals

We Share Our Progress As We Build, Make Mistakes, Learn, And Grow.

We are often asked what plants can turtles and tortoises eat. Very little research has been carried out into poisonings in Chelonia, compared with that done on poisonings in humans, other mammals, fish, and birds.  In the absence of definitive research, we felt it was easier to create a list of plants that are NOT good for your animals…. and probably your kids too. (That is a joke)’

It is a fact that tortoises often don’t know which foods are good to eat and which are not. There is some written evidence of tortoises dying after eating plants such as Buttercups, Daffodils, and Foxgloves. We do find that tortoises can eat a wider range of plants than humans. As turtles can eat more plant varieties then tortoises. Evolution is an amazing thing.

Other Poisonous Plant Facts:

  • As few as 20 holly berries would be fatal to a human child, but birds such as cedar waxwings, mockingbirds, American robins, etc. eat them just fine.
  • The Monarch butterfly, of course, is well-known for exclusively eating toxic milkweed in order to concentrate the toxins in its own body, rendering the adult butterfly bitter and poisonous to other animals.
  • Deer browse on plants like skunk cabbage and false hellebore. One tiny bite of skunk cabbage would leave a burning sensation in the human mouth for hours.
  • Lots of animals eat acorns, raw, right out of the shell. Humans can eat them, but only after they’ve been washed repeatedly in water to remove the tannins – the nuts are toxic to us due to the high level of tannins, prior to that treatment (not to mention, too bitter to be palatable).
  • Deadly nightshade, aka belladonna – a plant that will cause hallucinations, delerium, and death in humans. Only two berries will kill a child, and 10 to 20 will kill a healthy adult. Eating a single leaf may prove fatal. Cattle, horses, goats, sheep, and rabbits munch it down with impunity (though many of our pets may be killed by it as well)

How do I know if my plant is poisonous?

Try to identify all the plants that you have in your garden or yard.  Make a list of their names and look them up on our website for a guide as to their safety.

Also, you may take a large cutting of the plant (including the flower where possible), to your local garden center or nursery and ask them to identify it for you.  Once your plants have been identified, always write their Latin names down alongside the common name.  This is important as sometimes different plants share the same common names and can only be accurately identified by their Latin name.

*Different plant lists may give varying opinions as to the safety of certain plants for reptiles.  It is, therefore, our responsibility to learn which plants are toxic and may poison our animals.

Toxic Plants Include

Acokanthera – Acokanthera spp. (all parts toxic, except ripe fruit)
Amaryllis – Amaryllis spp.
Angel’s Trumpet – Datura spp., (leaves, seeds, flowers)
Apricot – Prunus armeniaca (pits, leave and bark)
Apple – Malus spp., (seeds, leaves, bark)
Avocado – Persea Americana (pit, leaves, unripe fruit, stems)
Azalea – Rhododendron canadenis
Balsam Pear, Bitter Melon – Momordica charantia
Baneberry – Actaea rubra, A. pachypoda
Belladonna – Atropa belladonna
Bird of Paradise – Poinciana and related spp. (seed pods and flowers)
Bittersweet – Celastrus spp.
Black Locust – Robinia pseudoacacia
Boxwood – Boxus spp.
Braken Fern – Pteridium aquilinum
Buckthorn – Karwinskia humboldtiana and related spp.
Burdock – Arctium spp.
Buttercup – Ranunculus spp.
Caladium – Caladium spp.
Calla Lily – Zantedeschia aethiopica
Catclaw Acacia – Acacia greggii (twigs and leaves)
Caster Bean – Ricinus communis
Cherry – Prunus spp. (pits, leaves and bark)
Chinaberry – Melia azadarach
Clematis – Clematis montana and related spp.
Coral Plant – Jatropha mutifida
Crocus (autumn) – Cholochicumautumnale
Cycad or Sago Cycas – Cycas revoluta
Daffodil – Narcissus tazetta
Daphne – Daphne mezerum
Death Camas – Zigadenus venenosus and other related species
Delphinium – Delphinium spp.
Devil’s Ivy – Epipremnum aureum
Dieffenbachia (dumb cane) – Dieffenbachia spp.
Eggplant – Solonummelongena (unripe/ripe fruit, leaves)
Elderberry – Sambucus mexicana (roots, leaves, stems, bark)
Elephant’s Ears or Taro – Colocasia spp.
Euonymus – Euonymus spp. (filit, bark, leaves)
European Pennyroyal – Mentha pulegium
Figs – Ficus spp. (sap)
Four o’clock – Mirabilis jalapa
Heliotrope – Heliotropium spp. (leaves)
Henbane – Hyoscyamus niger
Holly – Ilex aquifolium and related spp. (leaves, berries)
Horse Chestnut – Aesculus hippocastanum and related spp.
Horse Nettle – Solanum carolinense
Hyacinth – Hyacinthus orientalis
Hydrangea – Hydrangea spp.
Iris – Iris spp.
Ivy (Boston, English and some others) – Hedera spp.
Jack-in-the-Pulpit – Arisaema spp.
Jerusalem Cherry – Solanum pseudocapsicum and related spp. (leaves, seeds and flowers)
Jonquil – Narcissus jonquilla
Juniper – Juniperus spp. 
Lantana – Lantana camara
Larkspur – Delphinium spp.
Laurel – Kalmia spp.
Lily-of-the-Valley – Convalleriamajalis
Lobelia – Lobelia spp.
Locoweed – Astragalus spp. and Oxytopis spp.
Lupine – Lupinus spp.
Marijuana – Cannabis sativa
Milkweed – Asclepias spp.
Mistletoe – Phoradendron villosum
Mock Orange – Philadelphus spp.
Moonseed – Menispermum canadense
Monkshood – Aconitum spp.
Morning Glory – Ipomoea violacea (seeds)
Mushrooms – Amanita spp. And many others
Narcissus – Narcissus spp.
Oak – Quercus spp.
Oleander – Nerium oleander
Peach – Prunus persica (leaves, pit, bark)
Pear – Pyrus spp. (leaves, seeds, bark)
Peony – Paeonia officinalis
Periwinkle – Vinca minor, Vinca rosea
Peyote – Lophophora williamsii
Philodendron – Philodendron spp. and Monstera spp.
Plum – Prunus spp. (leaves, pit, bark)
Poison Hemlock – Conium maculatum
Poison Ivy – Toxicodendron radicans, includes T. rydbergii
Poison Oak – Toxicodendron querciflium and T. diversilobum
Poison Sumac – Rhux vernix
Poinsettia – Euphorbia pulcherrima
Poppy – Papaver somniferum and related spp.
Pokeweed – Phytolacca Americana
Potato – Solanum tuberosum (sprouts, leaves, berries, green tubers)
Pothos – Eprimemnum aureum
Primrose – Prmula spp.
Privet – Ligustrum vulgare
Ragwort – Senecio jacobea and related spp.
Red Maple – Acer rubrum
Rhododendron – Rhododendron spp.
Rhubarb – Rheum rhabarbarum (leaves)
Rosary Pea – Abrus precatorius
Sage – Salvia officinalis
Shamrock Plant – Medicago lupulina, Trifolium repens, Oxalis acetosella
Skunk Cabbage – Symplocarpus foetidus
Snowdrop – Galanthus nivalis
Sorrel – Rumex spp., Oxalis spp.
Spurges – Euphorbia spp. 
Star of Bethlehem – Ornithogalum umbellatum
Sweet Pea – Lathyrus odoratus
Tobacco – Nicotiania spp.
Tomato – Lycopersicon esculentum (stems and leaves)
Tulip – Tulipa spp.
Virginia Creeper – Panthenocissus quinquefolia
Vetches – Vicia spp.
Water Hemlock – Cicuta spp.
Waxberry – Symphoricarpos albus
Wisteria – Wisteria spp.
Yew – Taxus spp.

What Makes Them Toxic?

Oxalates: these plants contain oxalate salts. Contact with the sap can cause burning, swelling and pain. Treatment includes rinsing mouth and washing skin with mild soap and water. Monitor for difficulty swallowing and/or breathing and drooling. Monitor for irritation, swelling or blistering of mouth and oral tissues.

Toxic or Potentially Toxic: These plants can be toxic to varying degrees and should be considered with caution. Toxic effects can range from mild irritation to severe organ damage. Call poison control or your veterinarian if you think your pet ingested these plants.

Dermatitis: contact with sap can cause skin rash, itching or irritation. Rinse with water and if irritation persists, contact your veterinarian.

Unknown: Suspected toxicity but information incomplete. If contact or ingestion occurs contact poison control and your veterinarian.

What to do if you think your animal might have been poisoned?

Seek immediate veterinary advice

Always keep your veterinary contact details near your telephone as this will save time in an emergency.  If you know what your animal has eaten, take the plant or any packaging with you to the vet, as this will help him/her decide what the poison is and the type of treatment that your tortoise will need.

Urgent veterinary help is essential when showing symptoms of acute poisoning

The signs of poisoning do vary and can include some or all of the following:  respiratory distress, excess salivation, choking, vomiting, tremors, convulsions or paralysis.  As death may occur as a result of poisoning, ensure there is no delay in getting your tortoise to a specialist reptile vet for immediate treatment.

Some poisons work quickly, with catastrophic effects, and some work slowly, causing damage as they gradually accumulate in the body.  With cumulative poisoning, the symptoms may include the tortoise showing signs of muscular weakness, the tortoise unable to lift itself to walk or unable to walk, and gastrointestinal upset including diarrhea.

Do not attempt to diagnose a case of poisoning yourself: specialist veterinary help should be sought as a matter of urgency.

If the poisoning is one that is cumulative, the tortoise should make a good recovery if the offending poison is removed, the tortoise is kept well hydrated and is fed on safe food so that the toxins can be eliminated from the liver and out of the body.

Some Plants Have EdibleParts!

PLANT NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

PLANT TYPE

EDIBLE PARTS

Agave Agave sp. Succulent Entire Plant
Alfalfa Medicago sativia Common Weeds Entire Plant
Aloe Aloe sp. Succulent Entire Plant
Alyssum , Sweet Lobularia maritima Cultivated Plants Leaves, Flowers
Arizona Cottontop Grass Digitaria sp. Grasses Entire Plant
Arugula Eruca sativa Herbs Leaves, Flowers
Asperagus Fern Asperagus setaceus & plumosis Ferns Leaves
Aster Aster sp. Cultivated Plants Leaves
Baby’s tears, Irish Moss Soleirolia soleirolii Cultivated Plants Leaves
Bamboo Muhly Grass Muhlenbergia dumosa Grasses Entire Plant
Banana Musa sp. Tree/Shrub leaves, fruit
Barnyardgrass Echinochloa crus & galli Grasses Leaves
Basil Ocimum basilicum Herbs Leaves
Begonias Begonia sp. Succulent Leaves, flowers
Bentgrasses Agrostis sp. Grasses Leaves
Bermuda Cynodon dactylon Grasses Leaves
Big Bluestem Andropogon gerardi Grasses Leaves
Bindweed  Convolvulus sp. & Calystegia sp. Common Weeds Leaves
Birds Nests Fern Asplenium nidus Cultivated Plants Leaves
Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus Common Weeds Leaves
Bittercress Cardamine hirsuta & flexuosa Common Weeds Leaves
Black mustard Brassica Nigra Common Weeds Entire Plant
Blessed Thistle Cnicus benedictus Common Weeds Leaves
Blue grama grass Bouteloua gracilis Grasses Leaves
Bluedicks Dichelostemma pulchellum Desert Wildflower
Bluegrass, annual Poa annua Grasses
Boston Fern Nephrolepsis exalta Ferns
Bottle Brush Callistemon Cultivated Plants
Bouganvillea Bouganvillea sp. Cultivated Plants
Brome Bromus sp. Grasses
Bromeliads Family Bromeliaceae Cultivated Plants
Buckwheat Eriogonum fasciculatum Common Weeds
Buffalo grass Stenotaphrum secondatum Grasses
Buffelgrass Cenchrus ciliaris Grasses
Bugleweed Ajuga reptans Common Weeds Leaves, Flowers
Butterfly Bush Buddleja sp. Common Weeds
California Buckwheat Eriogonum fasciculatum Tree/Shrub
California Filago Filago californica Common Weeds
Canarygrass, littleseed Phalaris minor Grasses
Carnation Dianthus caryophyllus Cultivated Plants
Cassia Senna sp. Trees/Shrubs Entire Plant
Cat’s ears Hypochoeris  sp. Common Weeds
Cattle Spinach Atriplex polycarpa Tree/Shrub
Chamomile Chamaemelum nobile Cultivated Plants Flowers
Chickweed Cerastium vulgatum & arvense Common Weeds
Chicory Cichorium sp. Common Weeds Flowers, Leaves, Roots
Chinese Lantern Abutilon hybridum Cultivated Plants Flowers
Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum sp. Cultivated Plants Flowers
Chufa, or Yellow Nut Grass Cyperus esculentus Grasses
Cinnamon fern Osumunda cinnamomea Ferns
Climbing Nasturtium, Garden Nasturium, Indian Cress Tropaeolum majus Vines
Clover  Trifolium repens & pratense Common Weeds
Coleus Coleus sp. Cultivated Plants
Common greenbrier, Catbrier Silax roundfolia & sp. Common Weeds
Common Sorrel Rumex sp. & Oxalis sp. Common Weeds
Coneflower (purple)  Echinacea sp. (Rudbeckia) Common Weeds
Coreopsis Coreopsis giganta & tinctoria & atkinsoniana & calliopsidea Cultivated Plants Leaves, flowers
Corn Plant Dracaena fragrans Cultivated Plants
Cornflower or Bachelor’s Buttons Plagiobothrys sp. Cultivated Plants Leaves, flowers
Cotyledon orbiculata Family Crassulaceae, Cotyledon orbiculata Common Weeds Flowers, Leaves
Couchgrass Agropyon repens Grasses
Crabgrass Digitaria sanguinalis Grasses
Creeping Bell Campanula rapunculoides Common Weeds Flower
Creeping Charlie Pilea nummulariifolia Vines
Creeping Jenny Lysimachia nummlaria Vines
Curly Mesquite Grass Hilaria belangeri Grasses Entire Plant
Dahlia Dahlia pinnata & rosea Cultivated Plants
Daisy, English Bellis perennis Cultivated Plants/Common Weeds flowers
Dandelion Taraxacum officinale,  Agoseris aurantiaca Common Weeds Leaves, Flowers, Roots
Day Lilies (NOT Easter or Tiger Lilies!) Hemerocallis sp. Cultivated Plants
Dayflower Commelina diffusa Common Weeds Leaves, Flowers
Deadnettle, Red or Purple Lamium purpurem Common Weeds
Deer Grass Muhlenbergia rigens Grasses Entire Plant
Desert Dandelion Malacothrix glabrata Common Weed
Desert Four-O’Clock Mirabelis spectabalis Desert Wildflower Entire Plant
Desert Rose Adenium obesum Succulent
Dichondra, Wonderlawn Dichondra repens Cultivated Plants/Common Weeds leaves, flowers
Dock Rumex sp. Common Weeds Flowers, Leaves, Roots
Echinacea Echinacea sp. Common Weeds Leaves, Flowers
Endives Cichorium sp. Common Weeds
Evening Primrose Oenothera biensis Common Weeds Leaves, Flowers
Evening Primrose, Cut-leaved Oenothera laciniata Common Weeds
Fennel Foeniculum sp. Herbs
Fern Acacia Acacia angustissima Trees/Shrubs Flowers
Fescue, Blue Festuca glauca Grasses
Fescue, Tall Festuca arundinacea Grasses
Field mustard Brassica rapa Common Weeds Entire Plant
Fig Tree Moraceae Tree/Shrub leaves, fruit
Filaree Erodium cicutarium Common Weeds
Flowering Maple Abutilon sp. Succulent all
Forsythia Forsythia sp. Tree/Shrub
Fuschia Fuschia sp. Cultivated Plants
Gazania Gazania sp. Cultivated Plants leaves, flowres
Geranium Pelargonium sp. Cultivated Plants leaves, flowers
German chamomile Matricaria chamomilla Cultivated Plants Flowers
Globe Mallows Sphaeralcea sp. Common Weeds Entire Plant
Goat Head Tribulus terrestris Common Weed
Golden bamboo or fishpole bamboo Phyllostachys aurea Tree/Shrub
Goosegrass Eleusine indica Grasses
Grape Vine Family Vitaceae & Berberidaceae Cultivated Plants/Vines leaves, fruit, Flowers
Ground ivy Glechoma hederacea Vines
Guava Tree Psidium guajava Tree/Shrub Leaves
Hawkbits Leontodon ssp Common Weeds
Hawk’s Beards Crepis biennis & capilallaris Common Weeds
Haworthia reinwardtii Haworthia reinwardtii Succulent
Heather Ericaceae Tree/Shrub leaves, flowers
Hen and Chicks Echeveria sp. Succulent all
Hen and Chicks , Houseleeks Sempervivum sp. Succulent leaves, flowers
Henbit Lamium amplexicaule Common Weeds Leaves, Flowers
Hibiscus Hibicus rosa & sinensis & syriacus Tree/Shrub Leaves, Flowers
Hollyhock Alcea rosea Cultivated Plants flowers
Honesty Lunaria annua Common Weeds Root, Seed
Honeysuckle Lonicera interrupta & japonica & periclymenum & caprifolium Common Weeds/Vines Leaves, Flowers
Honeysuckle, Desert Anisacanthus thurberi Desert Wildflower Entire Plant
Hosta Hosta sp. Cultivated Plants leaves, flowers
Ice plants Mesembryanthemaceae family Succulent
Impatiens Impatiens glandulifera Cultivated Plants leaves, flowers, seeds
Indian Ricegrass Oryzopsis hymenoides Grasses
Jasmine Jasminum officinale & grandifloum Cultivated Plants
Johnny-Jump-Up Viola tricolor Cultivated Plants
Kalanchoe sp. Kalanchoe sp. Succulent
Kale Brassica oleracea Cultivated Plants
Kikuyugrass Pennisetum clandestinum Grasses
Kleingrass Panicum coloratum Grasses
Knotweed Polygonum spp. Common Weeds
Kudzu Puerar lobata Common Weeds/Vines Leaves, Flowers
Lavender Lavandula angustifolia & labiatae Cultivated Plants Leaves, Flowers
Lilac Syringa vulgaris Cultivated Plants
Link & Otto Tradescantia crassula Succulent
Live Forever Sedum purpureum Succulent
Loquat bush Eriobotrya japonica Tree/Shrub
Mallow Malva sylrestris &  rotundifolia & neglecta & moschata Cultivated Plants/Common Weeds Leaves, Roots, Seeds
Mallow, Desert Sphaeralcea ambigua Desert Wildflower
Maple Acer saccharum Tree/Shrub
Marigold Tagetes sp. Cultivated Plants Leaves, Flowers
Milk Thistle Silybum marianum Common Weeds
Mimosa Desmanthus illinoensis Tree/Shrub
Mojave Aster Machaeranthera tortifolia Desert Wildflower
Monkey Plant Ruellia makoyana Cultivated Plants Leaves, Flowers
Moon Flower Impomoiea alba & leptophylla Cultivated Plants Leaves, Flowers
Morning Glory Family Convolvulaceae Desert Wildflower Entire Plant
Moss Roses, Purselane Portulaca sp. Succulent
Mother of Pearl Graptopetalum paraguayen Cultivated Plants
Muhly Sporobolus asperifolius Tree/Shrub
Mulberry Tree Morus alba & nigra Tree/Shrub Leaves, Fruit
Mustard Sisymbrium officinale, Brassica sp. Common Weeds
Napiergrass Pennisetum purpureum Grasses
Nasturtiums Nasturtium sp. Cultivated Plants
Nasturtiums Tropaeolum majus Cultivated Plants
Needlegrass, desert Stipa speciosa Grasses
Nettle, Stinging Urtica dioica Common Weeds
Nipplewort Lapsana communis Common Weeds
Oatgrass Arrhenatherum sp. Grasses
Orchard grass Dactylis glomerata Grasses
Ostrich Fern Matteuccia struthiopteris Ferns
Owl’s Clover, Pink-Brush Orthocarpus purpurascens Common Weed
Pampasgrass Cortaderia selloana Grasses
Pangolagrass Digitaria decumbens Grasses
Pansy Viola sp. Cultivated Plants Leaves, Flowers
Paper mulberry Broussonetia papyrifera Tree/Shrub
Pearl Millet Pennisetum glaucum Grasses
Pennywort Cotyledon umbilicus & veneris Common Weeds
Peppergrass Lepidium spp. Grasses
Persimmon Diospyros texanum & virginiana Common Weeds
Petunias Petunia sp. Cultivated Plants
Phlox Phlox paniculata Cultivated Plants
Pigweed Amaranthus sp. Common Weeds
Pineapple Guava Feijoa sellowiana Cultivated Plants
Pink Perslane Montia sibirica Common Weeds Leaves, Flowers
Plantains Plantago major & media & lanceotata Common Weeds Leaves, Flowers
Poppy, California Eschscholzia californica Cultivated Plants Leaves, Flowers
Poppy, Welsh Meconopsis cambrica Cultivated Plants Leaves, Flowers
Pothos Epipremnum aureum Cultivated Plants Leaves
Poverty Weed Monolepis nuttallia, Iva axillaris Common Weeds Entire Plant
Prickly Lettuce Lactuca serriola Common Weeds Leaves, Flowers
Prickly Pear Cactus Opuntia sp. Succulent Entire Plant
Primrose Primula vulgaris Cultivated Plants Leaves, Flowers
Purslane Portulaca oleracea Common Weeds Leaves, Flowers
Quackgrass Agropyron repens Grasses Leaves, Flowers
Quick Weed Galinsoga sp. Common Weeds Leaves, Flowers
Raspberry,  Blackberry Rubus sp. Common Weeds Leaves, Flowers, Fruit
Red Maids Calandrinia ciliata Common Weeds
Rose Rosa sp. Cultivated Plants Flowers
Rosemary Rosamarinus sp. Herbs Leaves, Flowers
Russian Thistle or prickly saltwort Salsola kali Tree/Shrub Leaves, Flowers
Rye Secale cereale Grasses Leaves
Sage Salvia sp. Tree/Shrub/Herbs Leaves, Flowers
Sainfoin Onobrychis sativa Common Weeds
Salad Burnet Sanguisorba minor Common Weeds
Sea Grape Coccoloba uvifera Tree/Shrub
Senna, Desert Cassia covesii Trees/Shrubs Entire Plant
Sesame grass Tripsacum dactyloides Grasses
Shepard’s purse Capsella bursa & pastorsis Common Weeds
Slime Lilies Albuca sp. Succulent
Sow Thistle Sonchus oleraceus & arvensis Common Weeds
Spider Plant Chlorophytum comosum Cultivated Plants Leaves, Flowers
Spiderwort Tradescantia pinetorum & occidentalis Succulent
Spurges Euphorbia sp. Common Weeds Entire Plant
St. Augustine, Charleston grass Stenotaphrum secundatum Grasses
St. Johns Wort Hypericum sp. Common Weeds Leaves
Staghorn Fern Platycerium bifurcatum Ferns Leaves, Flowers
Sticky Monkey Flower Mimulus aurantiacus Succulent
Stonecrops Sedum sp. Succulent
Strawberries, domestic Fragaria × ananassa Cultivated Plants
Strawberry, wild Fragaria vesca Common Weeds
Swedish Ivy Plectranthus australis Cultivated Plants/Vines Leaves, Flowers
Sweet vernal grass Anthoxanthum odoratum Grasses
Tea Tree Leptospermum scoparium Tree/Shrub Leaves, Flowers
Timothy Phleum pratense Grasses
Tree Fern Dicksonia antartica Ferns
Tree houseleek Aeonium sp. Succulent all
Umbrella Plant Darmera peltata / Petasites hyrbridus Cultivated Plants
Vetch – Bush, Common, Tufted Vicia sepium & sativa & cracca Common Weeds
Violets Viola sp. Cultivated Plants Leaves, Flowers
Wandering Jew Tradescantia albiflora Succulent/Vines Leaves, Flowers
Watercress Family Cruicerae Common Weeds Leaves, Flowers
Weeping lovegrass  Eragrostis curvula Grasses
Whispering Bells Emmenanthe penduliflora Cultivated Plants
White Tidy-Ups Layia glandulosa Common Weeds
Wild Carrot Daucus carota Common Weeds Leaves, Roots
Wild muscadine Vitis rotundifolia Vines Leaves, Flowers
Wild Oats Avena fatua Grasses
Willow Family Salicaceae Tree/Shrub
Willow, Desert Chilopsis linearis Trees/Shrubs Flowers
Wintercress Barbarea vulgarsis Common Weeds Leaves. Flowers
Wisteria Wisteria sp Cultivated Plants Flowers
Witchgrass Panicum capillare Grasses
Yallow Achellea millefolium Common Weeds Leaves, Flowers
Yucca Yucca sp. Succulent
Zinnia Zinnia sp. Cultivated Plants Leaves, Flowers

Prevention is always better than cure

  • Wash all store-bought products thoroughly, separating all leaves and removing any plastic or wire ties before offering to your tortoise.
  • When collecting leaves and flowers from plants growing in the wild not only wash thoroughly but also inspect carefully to ensure there are no leaves from plants and shrubs/trees which are toxic and that may have been collected inadvertently with the safe weeds you have collected.
  • Look at the condition of plants collected from hedgerows or verges before you pick them, and if they look to be withering or changing color from green to a yellowish/brown do not collect.  This may be a sign that the Council or local farmers have been spraying with weedkiller.  A simple phone call to the local Council will identify for you where and when spraying is being undertaken.
  • In your own garden ensure that plants or trees that are poisonous are not planted anywhere near your tortoise enclosure.
  • Do not use weed killers, pesticides or lawn fertilizers on areas that your tortoises will be exposed to.

Don’t FORGET!  Information provided in this article is not meant to be a substitute for expert medical advice.  If you suspect that your tortoise has had an adverse reaction to any food, or has ingested poison in any other way, then specialist veterinary advice should be sought immediately.


I got this reference while doing research. >Here is a share of that links we used.

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