Animal Information

Mazuri is an Excellent SOURCE of FOOD for All EXOTIC Animals.

Mazuri Exotic Animal Nutrition is part of our Purina feed business. It’s a world leader in making sure the animals you house, visit at the zoo, and those being saved from extinction are kept healthy and happy.

With Mazuri® exotic animal feed you can be confident that you’re providing the ultimate dietary nutrition. Mazuri® exotic animal feed sets the high standards for quality control and sources of superior ingredients for each formulation.

Fortunately, most species are covered with a diet the company provides. Each unique formula provides the maximum in diet nutrition.

Find the Mazuri® brand for whatever exotic animal you caretake. Click this video if you are having a difficult time getting your animal to eat Mazuri.

For Desert Species Of Reptiles

Mazuri® Tortoise Diet is a low-starch, high-fiber tortoise food for dry land herbivorous tortoises such as gopher, sulcata and Galapagos tortoises.

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This tortoise food offers complete nutrition in pellet form and contains yucca to help reduce ammonia odors.

Best Fed To: Mazuri® Low Starch Tortoise food is best for arid-zone and grassland herbivorous tortoises and lizards such as the Aldabra, African Spurred/Sulcata, Desert, Egyptian, Galapagos, Gopher, Greek, Leopard, Pancake, Radiated or Yellow-Footed tortoise, as well as Chuckwalla and Uromastyx lizards.

The Tortoise Diet ingredients: Ground soybean hulls, ground corn, dehulled soybean meal, ground oats, wheat middlings, cane molasses, dehydrated alfalfa meal, wheat germ, dicalcium phosphate, soybean oil, brewers dried yeast, calcium carbonate, salt, dl-methionine, choline chloride, pyridoxine hydrochloride, d-alpha tocopheryl acetate (form of vitamin E), biotin, cholecalciferol, menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of vitamin K), calcium pantothenate, vitamin A acetate, folic acid, riboflavin, preserved with mixed tocopherols, rosemary extract, nicotinic acid, vitamin B12 supplement, thiamine mononitrate, citric acid, l-lysine, manganous oxide, zinc oxide, ferrous carbonate, copper sulfate, zinc sulfate, calcium iodate, sodium selenite, cobalt carbonate.

For Iguanas, Dragons, and All Herbivorous

Mazuri® Herbivorous Reptile Diet is a low-starch, high-fiber reptile food designed for dry land herbivorous or omnivorous reptiles.

This diet is suitable for iguanas, uromastyx, small tortoises and omnivorous turtles such as box turtles.

This versatile reptile diet not only is a complete iguana food and box turtle food but also may be used as the plant-based portion of a diet for insect-eating reptiles such as bearded dragons, tegu, and more. We even feed it to our skinks.

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In addition to being nutritionally complete, this herbivorous reptile food contains yucca to help reduce ammonia odors.

Best Fed To: Mazuri® Low Starch Herbivorous Reptile food is best for herbivorous lizards, omnivorous tortoises, and juvenile tortoises, adult Box Turtles, Wood Turtles, adult Bearded Dragons, Green Iguanas, and Uromastyx.

Herbivorous  Diet Ingredients: Ground Timothy Hay, Dehulled Soybean Meal, Rice Flour, Ground Soybean Hulls, Dried Apple Pomace, Cane Molasses, Dried Beet Pulp, Dehydrated Alfalfa Meal, Dicalcium Phosphate, Flaxseed, Corn Gluten Meal, Soy Protein Concentrate, Ground Oats, Oat Hulls, Wheat Germ, Carrageenan, Calcium Carbonate, Sucrose, Soybean Oil, Artificial Flavors, Salt, L-Lysine, Brewers Dried Yeast, Calcium Propionate (a Preservative), Choline Chloride, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Lactobacillus acidophilus Fermentation Product Dehydrated, Cholecalciferol, Lactobacillus casei Fermentation Product Dehydrated, DL-Methionine, Bifidobacterium Thermophilum Fermentation Product Dehydrated, L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate (Vitamin C), D-Alpha Tocopheryl Acetate (Form of Vitamin E), Enterococcus Faecium Fermentation Product Dehydrated, Folic Acid, Dried Yucca shidigera Extract, Biotin, Beta Carotene, Calcium Pantothenate, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex (source of Vitamin K), Potassium Chloride, Nicotinic Acid, Vitamin A Acetate, Riboflavin Supplement, Preserved with Mixed Tocopherols (Form of Vitamin E), Vitamin B-12 Supplement, Thiamine Mononitrate, Rosemary Extract, Citric Acid, Zinc Oxide, Manganous Oxide, Ferrous Carbonate, Copper Sulfate, Zinc Sulfate, Calcium Iodate, Sodium Selenite, Cobalt Carbonate.

For Turtles

Mazuri® Aquatic Turtle Diet is a complete turtle food for freshwater turtles, such as painted and red-eared turtles, at all stages of life.

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This floating pellet turtle food is designed to be tossed into the water to encourage animals to come to the surface for feeding.

With high levels of fish and animal protein, this turtle diet meets the needs of carnivorous species.

Best Fed To Mazuri® Aquatic Turtle food is best for freshwater turtles such as Map Turtles, Mata Mata Turtles, Painted Turtles, Pond Turtles, Red-Eared Sliders Turtles, Snapping Turtles, Box Turtles, and Wood Turtles.

Aquatic Turtle Diet Ingredients: Fish Meal, Ground Corn, Dehulled Soybean Meal, Corn Gluten Meal, Chicken Meal, Fish Oil, Porcine Meat and Bone Meal, Brewers Dried Yeast, Salt, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Choline Chloride, Biotin, Magnesium Oxide, Preserved with Mixed Tocopherols, L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate (Vitamin C), Calcium Pantothenate, d-Alpha tocopheryl acetate, Rosemary Extract, Folic Acid, Riboflavin Supplement, Vitamin A Acetate, Thiamine Mononitrate, Nicotinic Acid, Citric Acid (a Preservative), Vitamin B-12 Supplement, Zinc Oxide, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex (source of Vitamin K), Vitamin D3 Supplement, DL-Methionine, Manganous Oxide, Ferrous Carbonate, Copper Sulfate, Zinc Sulfate, Calcium Iodate, Calcium Carbonate, Cobalt Carbonate, Sodium Selenite.

For Amphibians and More

Mazuri® Amphibian & Carnivorous Reptile Gel is an easy-to-prepare exotic reptile food for amphibians and carnivorous reptiles. Made from fish, poultry, blood, egg, spirulina algae, vitamins and minerals, this complete

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Mazuri® gel diet is shipped as a powder that is designed to be made into a gel prior to feeding. In addition to meeting the nutritional requirements of amphibians and carnivorous reptiles, this reptile diet is highly palatable, has a long shelf life prior to gelling and may be useful for feeding carnivorous tadpoles.

Best Fed To Mazuri® Amphibian & Carnivorous Reptile Gel is best for small carnivorous lizards and snakes such as Monitors, Skinks, and Snakes.

Carnivorous Animal Diet Ingredients: Fish meal (menhaden), cooked chicken meal, salmon meal, flash dried blood meal, fish oil (menhaden), dried egg product, spirulina algae meal (color), betaine (a chemo attractant for fish), xanthan gum, choline bitartrate, l-ascorbyl-2-polyphosphate (stabilized vitamin C), inositol, tagetes (Aztec marigold) extract (color), niacin, manganous oxide, calcium carbonate, zinc oxide, d-alpha tocopheryl acetate (source vitamin E), ferrous carbonate, ethoxyquin (preservative), calcium pantothenate, canthaxanthin (color), copper sulfate, menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of vitamin K), thiamin mononitrate, riboflavin, pyridoxine hydrochloride, beta-carotene, zinc sulfate, folic acid, vitamin A acetate, calcium iodate, biotin, cobalt carbonate, cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), vitamin B12 supplement.

For Bearded Dragons, Geckos, and More

Mazuri® Bearded Dragon Diet is an insectivore food that simulates the high-protein, high-fiber diet of insect-eating reptiles such as bearded dragons, water dragons, and geckos.

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Although gut-loaded insects may be part of the insectivore diet, this bearded dragon food completes the insect portion of the animal’s diet and contains taurine at levels that meet the recommendations for carnivores.

Pair with Mazuri® Herbivorous Reptile LS Diet to provide the plant-based portion of the bearded dragon diet.

Best Fed To Mazuri® Bearded Dragon food is best for insectivorous reptiles such as Anoles, Basilisks, Bearded Dragons, Chameleons, Geckos, and Water Dragons.

Bearded Dragon Diet Ingredients: Chicken Meal, Ground Soybean Hulls, Ground Wheat, Dehulled Soybean Meal, Rice Flour, Poultry Fat Preserved with Mixed Tocopherols, Ground Whole Aspen, Dried Plain Beet Pulp, Brewers Dried Yeast, Dried Apple Pomace, Powdered Cellulose, Wheat Germ, Dried Whey, Fish Meal, Natural Poultry Flavor, Lecithin, Soybean Oil, Fish Oil, Phosphoric Acid, Calcium Propionate (a preservative), Salt, DL-Methionine, Taurine, Choline Chloride, Lactose, L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate (Vitamin C), Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Thiamine Mononitrate, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex (Vitamin K), Manganous Oxide, d-Alpha Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E), Preserved with Mixed Tocopherols, Rosemary Extract, Inositol, Biotin, Cobalt Carbonate, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Folic Acid, Citric Acid (a Preservative), Vitamin A Acetate, Riboflavin Supplement, Calcium Carbonate, Calcium Pantothenate, Nicotinic Acid, Zinc Oxide, Ferrous Carbonate, Calcium Iodate, Ferrous Sulfate, Copper Sulfate, Zinc Sulfate, Sodium Selenite, Cobalt Carbonate.

Mazuri® Better Bug® Gut Loading Diet insect food is designed to create gut-loaded crickets.

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This cricket diet contains high levels of calcium, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin A to enrich the diets of insect-eating reptiles, birds, and mammals as part of a complete insectivore diet. This bug food is not intended for use in breeding or raising insects.

Best Fed To Mazuri® Better Bug® Gut Loading food is best for insectivorous reptiles such as Anoles, Basilisks, Bearded Dragons, Chameleons, Geckos, and Water Dragons.

Better Bug Diet Ingredients: Calcium Carbonate, Fish Meal, Ground Corn, Dehulled Soybean Meal, Fish Oil preserved with tocopherols, Spirulina, Chicken Meal, Corn Gluten Meal, Porcine Meat and Bone Meal, Salt, Brewers Dried Yeast, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Biotin, Choline Chloride, Magnesium Oxide, Preserved with Mixed Tocopherols, L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate (Vitamin C), Rosemary Extract, Calcium Pantothenate, D-Alpha Tocopheryl Acetate, Citric Acid, Folic Acid, Riboflavin Supplement, Vitamin A Acetate, Thiamine Mononitrate, Nicotinic Acid, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Zinc Oxide, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex (source of Vitamin K), Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3), DL-Methionine, Manganous Oxide, Ferrous Carbonate, Copper Sulfate, Zinc Sulfate, Calcium Iodate, Cobalt Carbonate, Sodium Selenite.

For Monitors and More

Mazuri® Crocodilian Diet is a complete crocodile food designed for small crocodilians under managed care.

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This floating pellet crocodile food is designed to be tossed into the water to encourage animals to come to the surface for feeding.

These small crocodile pellets may also be tossed directly into the animal’s mouth for training.

Best Fed To: Mazuri® Crocodilian food is best for crocodilians, carnivorous turtles and carnivorous lizards such as Alligators, Caiman, Crocodiles, Gharials, Snapping Turtles and Monitor Lizards.

Crocodilian Diet Ingredients: Porcine Meat and Bone Meal, Ground Corn, Spray Dried Animal Blood Cells, Fish Meal, Wheat Red Dog, Porcine Animal Fat Preserved with BHA and Citric Acid, Poultry By-Product Meal, Calcium Propionate (a preservative), Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Choline Chloride, Calcium Pantothenate, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex (source of Vitamin K), Thiamine Mononitrate, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Folic Acid, Preserved with Mixed Tocopherols, Vitamin A Acetate, Riboflavin Supplement, Rosemary Extract, L-Ascorbyl-2-Polyphosphate (Vitamin C), Zinc Oxide, DL-Alpha-Tocopherol Acetate (Vitamin E), Nicotinic Acid, Citric Acid (a Preservative), Manganous Oxide, Calcium Carbonate, Ferrous Carbonate, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Biotin, Copper Sulfate, DL-Methionine, Zinc Sulfate, Calcium Iodate, Cobalt Carbonate.

Nutrient Profiles According To Mazuri...


Zinc is a mineral that must be provided on a regular basis. Most zinc is absorbed in the small intestine where it performs many functions. Zinc is key to healthy reproduction in males and females. It also supports growth rate and the development of long bones, the immune system, the central nervous system and regulation of Vitamin A in the blood.

Many natural forms of zinc are not digested well by the animal and in tropical sources of forage, zinc is often difficult for animals to reach. For optimum health, ruminants typically require 10-20 ppm of zinc. Birds require 50-70 ppm. Mild cases of zinc deficiency are difficult to identify, however loss of appetite is one sign. To avoid these problems and support optimal reproduction, be sure you are aware of the varying zinc requirements for species and the benefit of providing the precise amount with Mazuri® diets.

Vitamin C

Just a reminder that vitamin C, a major attribute of the Mazuri® Primate Diets, is equally important for guinea pigs and fish.

All products originally used ascorbic acid for vitamin C, but we now coat vitamin C to provide excellent stability for improved shelf life.

Our extruded products use polyphosphate vitamin C to keep the vitamin C level in the product constant and to lengthen shelf life to 6-9 months.

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble, cobalt-containing compound that is essential to normal function and growth in all animals. It is frequently listed in the ingredients on tags as cyanocobalamin. While all monogastric species require a daily amount of B12, it is not always required by ruminants. The bacteria in the rumen produce vitamin B12 directly using digested elements. All Mazuri® diets include B12, however, because ruminants in captivity may not have full functioning rumens.

Vitamin B6

This powerful vitamin is involved in over 100 reactions in the body, primarily in the area of metabolism.

Not surprisingly, as protein levels go up, so does the requirement for B6 to process it. Sources of B6 include liver, whole grains, and legumes. While ruminants manufacture B6 in the rumen, it is added to most Mazuri® diets to maintain optimal metabolism.

While we do not run into a lot of deficiencies, it can be a problem if animals are fed high protein diets.


Selenium is a trace mineral with antioxidant and anticancer properties. Selenium activates an enzyme in the body called glutathione peroxidase, that protects against the formation of free radicals which can damage DNA. Selenium affects areas including the liver, spleen and tooth enamel. And it is one of the few trace minerals regulated by the FDA.

Selenium deficiencies include growth reduction, poor heart development, cardiomyopathy, and cataracts. But as with copper, the window between optimum dose levels and toxicity is very narrow.

Studies prove that selenium and vitamin E facilitate each other’s absorption, working in concert for maximum benefit, a fact is taken into consideration in the development of all quality Mazuri® diets. Although commonly found in grains, fish, seafood and Brazil nuts, almost all diets have added selenium.


This essential vitamin B complex, also called vitamin B2, is important to the growth and good health.

Riboflavin is key in the utilization of energy from carbohydrates and fats and is absorbed in the upper half of the small intestine. Its low toxicity level makes B2 a relatively safe nutritional supplement.

Mazuri® diets all feature added Riboflavin at the precise level required by species, even in diets for hoofstock since they do not always have a properly functioning rumen.

Pantothenic Acid

Pantothenic Acid, commonly known as B5, is a water-soluble vitamin found in all living cells. Key sources include yeast, unprocessed grain, legumes, egg yolk, liver, and kidneys.

The general requirement for humans is 4-7 mg each day. Vitamin B5 is relatively safe with few side effects, even in dosages of 10 grams a day. Deficiencies are rare but can occur as evidenced by fatigue and vomiting.

They add it to Mazuri® diets because it is essential for the synthesis of cholesterol and in growth hormones, and because it is not stored in the body. Fortunately, all animals are covered when they feed on a diet of Mazuri® food, the balanced choice for optimum animal nutrition.


This important B vitamin is used in the energy metabolism of fatty acids. Requirements vary by activity level.

The higher the energy level, the more niacin is required. Since it is not stored in the body, niacin needs to be added on a regular basis.

Niacin deficiencies are classified by 3 Ds: dermatitis (skin problems), diarrhea and dementia. It’s not normally added to rumen diets because of the rumens’ ability to produce it in bacteria but is added to many Mazuri® monogastric diets.


Most people have trouble enunciating this tongue-twisting trace mineral and have even more trouble defining the important role this nutrient plays in maintaining good health. Simply put, molybdenum has the ability to inhibit copper and iron absorption, which is why we hear about it in relation to sheep diets.

In ruminants, the presence of high levels of molybdenum can cause a copper deficiency. In humans and non-ruminants, molybdenum may be deficient, resulting in growth reduction and, in the case of chicks, even death.

Sources of molybdenum include grain and legume. Although not all Mazuri® diets have molybdenum added, we watch levels, especially in animals that are sensitive to copper.


Although not often mentioned, this key nutrient is essential to growth and good health.

Excesses of this mineral accumulate in bones and the kidneys and are removed from the body in the bile.

Manganese assists in enzyme metabolism in the pituitary gland and helps in bone mineralization. It is also very important for growth and development, which is why it is present in Mazuri® gestation diets. Added manganese in our breeder diets helps egg development and is a major differentiator of Mazuri from other feeds.


Where does iodine come from? Natural sources of iodine include kinds of seafood and vegetables.

Iodine is present in T3 and T4 (thyroxine) hormones that are the active principle of the thyroid gland. It affects oxygen consumption, metabolic rates and fatty acids in the body.

Deficiencies, most notable goiters, are well documented, but too much iodine also can cause severe problems. Feeding balanced Mazuri® diets help support overall health.


Did you know animals need adequate amounts of fat to thrive and survive? Animal fat cells are a dense energy form containing 99 percent fat as volume. Fat cells contain glycerides of fatty acids that form phospholipids and cholesterol two major components of cell membranes that maintain the integrity between blood cells and membranes, and in the case of phospholipids also aid in digestion. Fat is also key to the formation of steroid hormones including estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone, and affects brain function and skin condition.


Copper is an essential trace mineral in feed programs. In the body, copper is critical in the formation and metabolism of red blood cells and connective tissue formation. Tests on anti-inflammatory drugs have helped further our understanding of this important mineral which may even impact the immune system.

Absorbed in the gut, copper combines with key proteins to enhance certain enzyme activity. Very little copper is stored in the body, mandating daily consumption.

However, copper levels must be accurately balanced since high levels of zinc or fiber can aggravate copper absorption in specific species. Copper deficiencies include anemia, degeneration of the vascular system and fading hair color. Toxicity is also a potential hazard for sheep and llamas. Extensive research has enabled Mazuri to provide copper in an efficient way for every species.


Biotin is a key B vitamin, which helps in the utilization of energy from carbohydrates. It is also a key component in utilizing amino acids.

While most exotic animals have a low-level requirement for biotin, deficiencies are easy to spot, most notably on the skin; in mucous membranes; and in the nail, foot and hoof area. Some elephants and horses have responded to biotin supplementation.

Commonly found in foods such as yeast, egg yolk, rice and bran, biotin is also produced by the bacteria in the rumen. However other exotics, such as birds and primates, benefit from the precise amounts of biotin contained in specialized Mazuri® diets.

Amino Acids

Amino Acids are the building blocks of protein. Twenty amino acids make up all the protein in the body. Levels of amino acids within ingredients added to a diet vary. For example, the grain is low in lysine, while legumes are low in methionine. In addition, monogastric like monkeys, birds, and elephants cannot synthesize nine of those amino acids, making them essential to the animal.

This means those amino acids must be present in- or added to the diet in specific quantities based on specie and life stage to support optimal growth and health.

Ruminant animals, on the other hand, depend on their rumens to produce amino acids, which explains why certain amino acids are essential for monogastric and may not be essential to ruminants. Mazuri® diets carefully balance amino acid levels to achieve the optimum balance for each animal. Check out the values on each bag for precise information.

There You Go!

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